Coco Coir vs. Peat Moss Coco coir is often compared to peat moss in terms of its role in marijuana growing, but it’s much more sustainable. If you live in a dry region, manually soak the moss before it dries out. Coco pith retains water better than chips or fiber. If your soil is too alkaline, peat moss will help to balance things out. Use it in garden beds to loosen and aerate soil or to improve water retention. Royal Cookies Peat Moss vs Coconut Coir - Growing Microgreens As mentioned, neither grows microgreens very well by itself. Coir does saturate faster than peat moss, thereby using less water to “activate”. With coco coir, this step is not necessary. Northern Light It’s best to mix 15 … Coco Peat is not “peat” at all, but when processed into growing medium, is somewhat similar in appearance and function to “peat moss.” Peat moss is extracted from peat bogs that release billions of tons of greenhouse gasses per year, and take 1000’s of years to renew. The surrounding soil can squash the substance together, which leads to compact soil void of air. Start with the coco specific nutrients and you won’t have to troubleshoot later. In addition, coco peat is not spoiled after use – it’s possible to wash and reuse coco peat once a gardening project has come to an end and the soil is no longer needed. 18 years or older, Royal Bluematic Peat moss is hydrophobic, and if it’s allowed to dry out, it becomes very slow to accept and absorb water. Before planting, add RQS Easy Roots to enhance nutrient uptake and complement the peat moss microbes. So you can either let the wonder nutrients work their magic or dial in the old fashioned way. Coco Peat Farming Advantages: Coco Peat is now in urban demand. The difference between peat moss and coco coir in retaining water is significant. Both products provide a beneficial soil addition when monitored for optimum nutrition balance. As a result, peat moss will require additives, such as lime, to reduce the acidity of the soil. Is It Possible To Grow Organic Cannabis With Hydroponics? Amnesia Haze Automatic Alternatively, you can use 1l starter pots filled with coco coir mixed with 30-50% perlite and transplant to larger containers of your preferred substrate later. Cultivating cannabis in coco coir is pretty uncomplicated and just like any other grow op; once you have your system dialled in, it's plain sailing. For beginner growers and those more practised in typical hydroponics or soil substrates alike, coco coir cultivation is easy to learn. Whether new to the gardening scene or you have years of firsthand experience, you are sure to have heard of peat and peat moss. Skunk Zach Zezulka gose over compost base potting soil vs Peat Moss / Coco Coir. Pros of Coco Coir: Coir pH usually runs 6 – 6.7. The material is brown, sawdust-like and looks similar to dry peat moss. While both soil mediums create a healthy foundation for plants, gardeners definitely have their preference. Coir is fully renewable, and using it helps ensure that no part of the coconut goes to waste. So you already have experience cropping in soil. Phosphorous, potassium, and nitrogen are usually added to soil to make it more nutritious. Peat moss and coco coir are the most used products in potting soil and seed starting mixes. For most gardeners, the choice is a matter of personal preference.”. In fact, by growing ganja with coco coir you are recycling and putting to good use what would have been wasted coconut husk left to rot and pile up like trash. Coco coir drains better and keeps the roots oxygenated more than standard peat-based mediums. Low-grade coco coir bricks can sometimes be overdried. Peat Moss vs Coconut Coir - Growing Microgreens As mentioned, neither grows microgreens very well by itself. Abstract Coconut coir, a by-product of the coconut industry, has been promoted as an alternative to peat moss in soil-less media. After harvesting, efforts are made to restore the peat bogs, but it is still unclear whether the bogs can ever return to pre-harvest conditions. Critical In nature, the mosses eventually form a peat bog. Coco Coir or Peat Moss? Peat Moss. By outputting hydrogen, peat moss slowly builds bog-like conditions that can reach deep into the ground. Peat moss tends to be a bit more cost effective than coconut coir in most cases. Growing marijuana in coco coir is a fantastic alternative cultivation style. Peat moss holds 10 to 20 times its dry weight in water, while Coir holds 8 to 9 times its dry weight in water. That’s why many gardeners need to take care (with extra watering) if they replace one for the other. Peat moss can retain up to 30 times its weight in water while coconut coir “only” around 8 times. Peat moss is the only one of the four additives listed here which is not considered PH neutral. When you add 4-5l of water and leave it to soak for about 30 minutes, a consistent 9-10l of medium will be produced from each brick. Needing less time to become saturated, coir also needs less water. Coconut coir, a by-product of the coconut industry, has been promoted as an alternative to peat moss in soil-less media. This trait makes it a risk-free soil amendment that will keep your growing medium free of invasive weeds and damaging critters. What was once regarded as waste material, in contrast today constitutes a magnificent growing medium for cannabis plants both indoors and outdoors. Peat moss works to cultivate a healthy community of microorganisms. The growing medium is void of seeds, pest insect species, and pathogens. After reading about coconut coir and peat moss growing mediums, it becomes clear that there are differences between the two, but there are a variety of mixes used to create a growing medium more suitable for cannabis plant growth and development. The substance is capable of holding up to 20 times its own weight in water. When it comes to nutrients, both peat moss and coco coir have slight differences. Dance World Coir has a pH of 5.8 to 6.8 so limestone is less often required to adjust the acidity. That being said, you absolutely can hand-water cannabis plants in coco coir as one would soil cultivated marijuana. Coco coir is a natural product and a totally reusable. Water absorption –While proponents of Coir state its water retention is equal to peat moss; peat moss typically retains much more water than Coir. Why not dabble with a soil and coco coir mix before making the switch? Light and dry just as is the case with soil. Jiffys have been popular rooting mediums with growers for decades. Coco Coir or Peat Moss? Most coco coir growers like to add approximately 30% perlite to the mix for best results. Peat moss acts like a sponge, holding 16-25 times as much water as its dry weight, depending on the species of sphagnum. One downside to using peat moss as a soil amendment is that it requires a rather lengthy preparation process. Like peat moss, adding coco peat to soil also helps with aeration and water retention. Coco coir is made from the residue of the extraction of long fibers from the husks of coconuts. As a result, peat moss will require additives, such as lime, to reduce the acidity of the soil. Coco peat absorbs water very quickly and it only needs a small amount of water to be able to wet the entire texture. Generally, hydroponic fertilisers perform better than most brands' organic soil nutrients in coco coir. Specifically, coco specific nutrient ranges are worthy of consideration. Blue Mistic Usually cheaper than peat moss. Peat moss is the other organic material composting toilet companies recommend being added to their toilets. So you already have experience cropping in soil. If you have coco coir in brick form, make sure to purchase a high-quality brand. For more information visit the Master Gardener Diagnostic Clinic May … Coconut Coir vs Peat Moss. Sphagnum peat moss has long been a standard component of soil-less media, but some people have expressed concern that it is a non-renewable resource. Soil-grown cannabis thrives in a pH between 6–7. Even the manufacturers of most common grow shop soils recommend buffering the substrate with coco coir these days. Shining Silver Haze Growing cannabis in soil alone offers good results, but soil amendments such as peat moss and coco coir can make good results great. The choice of peat moss or coco coir is a hot topic among many gardeners. It’s a 100% renewable resource. By clicking ENTER, you confirmyou are In addition, coco coir retains phosphorus very well and combined with the aforementioned attributes roots will positively thrive. Coconut coir requires less time to become saturated, so it needs less water. Although damp soils can sometimes lead to mould and root rot, the aeration provided by perlite will help to counteract these threats. Product successfully added to your shopping cart. The third way here is to use less sphagnum moss if you’re using it at all. While coco coir generally retains more water, peat moss releases that moisture more slowly. Both of these resources are all-natural, but harvesting coir has less of an impact on the environment. A couple of 6 packs of coco coir bricks is feather light in comparison to lugging two 50l bags of soil home from the grow store. When coconuts are harvested and husked, the long fibers are removed and used for such things as upholstery stuffing, rope, doormats, and brushes. Coco coir is nice and sterile and so well aerated, the roots develop almost as quickly as in advanced hydroponic setups. Peat moss is the only one of the four additives listed here which is not considered PH neutral. Peat moss acts like a sponge, holding 16-25 times as much water as its dry weight, depending on the species of sphagnum. Peat and peat moss harvesting is a very controversial topic. If compost is black gold, then of container gardeners typically dependent on large quantities of peat, leaf mold could very well be black platinum! Kush This is mainly due to the benefits in the Kitchen Gardens and Terrace Gardens for Soil Less Farming. Root rot and nasty root invading fungi and insects are far less likely to plague the coco coir grower. Because of their high rates of water absorption, you must be careful not to overwater your plants. They add structure, hold water, improve acidity, and boost microbial life. Thoroughly mix them in a large bucket. O.G. It can be used in almost every application as an alternative to peat moss and coconut coir. They found that coir performed on par with peat. Peat moss is a dead layer under living sphagnum moss growing on top of bogs in North America, Ireland, Scotland and northern Europe. It absorbs water well and isn't hydrophilic like peat moss and peat-based mixes. Coco coir drains better and keeps the roots oxygenated more than standard peat-based mediums. It's sold just like soil. Both peat moss and coco coir provide a great breeding ground for the microorganisms, bacteria, and fungi essential for healthy plant growth. Learn how your comment data is processed. For one thing, unlike peat moss, coconut coir is a renewable resource. Pros of Coco Coir: Coir pH usually runs 6 – 6.7. More so with a mix and match of hydro nutrients and supplements. Even if minerals are abundant in the soil, the roots won’t be able to access them if pH is outside the required range. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Today, many uses have been found for this material, which is a renewable resource made from the fibrous husk of a coconut. *By ticking this box, I allow Royal Queen Seeds to send me marketing personalized emails including, but not limited to, events, promotions, offers and discounts. Different reports list coco as having a water capacity ranging from 8x to 30x … Unlike peat moss, coco coir peat needs less water to achieve the same level of hydration. Peat moss also makes a useful soil amendment. Peat moss is a source of several nutrients that are beneficial for cannabis. Peat moss tends to shed water when first wetted, and coconut coir adjusts to water more easily than peat moss. Use it in homemade potting mix. "Renewable" resource - byproduct of the coconut industry. Power Flower In the last few years, most soil growers have begun blending coco coir into their own homemade super soils. Worse, some can be really tough to break down into usable growing medium. It quotes other studies that examined the effectiveness of sphagnum peat and coir: Researchers at Auburn University and University of Arkansas compared peat and coir as soil amendments for horticulture. The moss is known to be particularly resistant to absorbing water at first, and therefore needs to be well-moistened. After reading about coconut coir and peat moss growing mediums, it becomes clear that there are differences between the two, but there are a variety of mixes used to create a growing medium more suitable for cannabis plant growth and development. Also known as Sphagnum, peat moss is a genus of around 380 separate species of mosses. Without coco specific nutrients you will pretty soon discover, that coco coir doesn’t retain calcium very readily. One substitute is coir, or coconut dust. As a result, peat moss will require additives, such as lime, to reduce the acidity of the soil. While peat moss is considered acidic with a pH level between 3.3 and 4.4, coco coir has a pH level more in the neutral range of 5.2 to 6.8. Also, should you choose to have coco bricks delivered, they will incur far lower delivery charges and less attention than heavy sacks of soil. Use it in garden beds to loosen and aerate soil or to improve water retention. By the end of this blog, you will be fully prepped for a coco coir cannabis cultivation experiment. Ice The average coconut tree produces around 150 coconuts per year, which means there’s always plenty of coco fiber to go around. It holds more water than peat moss, but doesn't hold it as long. They are, for all intents and purposes, nutritionally inert for plants. Though we haven't tried to grow microgreens in pure peat moss (yet), we have … If you have to use plants unattended for some time, they'll likely survive on the water stored in peat moss. Although a lot of growers are also mixing clay pebbles in at a similar ratio. Easier to rewet than peat moss, is not hydrophobic. This is rare and if you stick with reputable high-quality coco coir brands you won’t have to worry about this kind of problem. Coco peat gardening is also used as a soil amendment, potting mix, and in hydroponic production. Every brick will be relatively uniform. Peat moss works to acidify its environment by uptaking cations like magnesium and calcium, and in turn releasing hydrogen ions. Royal Moby Peat moss is derived from decomposed sphagnum moss harvested from swamps and marshes. Advances in the understanding of soil science have made it apparent that a diverse community of fungi and bacteria play a fundamental role in the health of the root zone. What Are Hybrid Cannabis Strains & How Are They Created? A pH meter and bottles of pH-Up and pH-Down will do the job. Sour Diesel Coir is naturally high in potassium and phosphorus, so these do not need to be added. A light nutrient solution must be applied just like in a hydro crop from the beginning. This essential mineral helps to form key enzymes and build proteins. Alternatively you can use standard hydro equipment. The content on RoyalQueenSeeds.com is only suitable for adults and is reserved for those of legal age. Traditionally, peat moss has been added to soil to improve nutrients and growing ability. Jiffy pellets are made from coco coir. The pH of your water will have to be adjusted to ensure you stay at the sweet spot for coco coir, namely a pH value of 6.0. If compost is black gold, then of container gardeners typically dependent on large quantities of peat, leaf mold could very well be black platinum! Usually cheaper than peat moss. When I dump out pots to remix, the coco gets added to the mix. Most growers don’t use pith alone, as it can create adverse conditions around the plant’s roots that lead to waterlogging. Coco coir, on the other hand, will not dry out if left unattended and is the superior soil for this type of gardening. We also think the stringy composition of the mix allows better airflow to the microgreen roots. Now, let’s round up a list of advantages and disadvantages to using these substrates. Fast Eddy Automatic Peat moss will add beneficial microorganisms to the soil. Coco is better for the environment than non-renewable peat moss (which is what coco usually replaces in a soil recipe) and works better for growing cannabis; For example, Coco Loco is a soil that contains coco instead of peat moss. Peat moss can help growers reduce their water usage. It really comes down to grower preference which way to cultivate cannabis. So peat moss vs coco peat, which one is best for cannabis growing? Soil pH is a common reason for nutrient deficiency in plants. Coco coir is the recycled and processed natural fibre from the husk of coconuts, grown mostly in India and Sri Lanka. In order to accurately keep the pH and nutrient solution dialled in, you have two options. The simple option is to purchase high quality nutrients with pH perfect blends. As useful as peat is for horticulture, there are good alternatives, said McMahan. Each has proven its effectiveness in specific grow setups, although they may not be effective for every operation. But usually more readily available in tightly compressed coco bricks. To do so, place the desired amount into a deep tray. You have to be careful about using peat moss. Coco coir, on the other hand, is a by-product of the coconut industry and used to be discarded. With a pH of typically between 6.5-7.0, coco coir is comparable to unfertilised soil. Coir: is made from the pith element of the coconut husk (shell) First coco peat lasts much longer than plain peat plus it is disease resistant and holds moisture well. Ensure you are aware of the laws of your country. Most of the coir used in horticulture comes from larger coconut fiber processing mills located in Sri Lanka and India. Square-foot gardener Bartholomew states that his efficient, small space gardening methods justify the use of peat … Easier to rewet than peat moss, is not hydrophobic. Coco coir unlike most soils for cannabis cultivation is unfertilsed. Coconut coir wets more easily than peat moss, which tends to shed water when first wetted. Because tap water tends to be alkaline, using peat moss — which is acidic — can promote a more neutral pH for your soil. I’ve found Coco Loco is one of the easiest grow mediums to start cannabis plants in. Taking the extra step of adding a nutrient supplement, such as the RQS Easy Combo Booster Pack, will provide your plants will all the minerals they need throughout the vegetative and flowering phases. While peat moss is considered acidic with a pH level between 3.3 and 4.4, coco coir has a pH level more in the neutral range of 5.2 to 6.8. This can sustain a substantial impact on this natural environment, which often has to be restored and repaired. Peat moss boasts clean and resistant properties. With equally great results. Sphagnum peat moss has long been a standard component of soil-less media, but some people have expressed concern that it is a non-renewable resource. This is a recipe for root rot and air-starved roots. If you water your plants with tap water, peat moss can be a useful choice. Spread the peat moss out across the tray and leave it exposed outdoors for several weeks. This is where hydro growers get to transfer their skill set. On the other hand, coco coir is much less acidic with a pH level of 5.2 to 6.8 This makes coco coir more suitable for most kinds of plants as it is very neutral. The difference between peat moss and coco coir in retaining water is significant. Coconut coir is often seen as a better alternative to peat, but that isn't necessarily accurate. 248 Though we haven't tried to grow microgreens in pure peat moss (yet), we have attempted to grow microgreens in pure coconut coir. The water-holding ability of peat moss can make it extremely damp. This makes it extremely economical, and especially useful in dry and drought-prone regions. Coir also decays slower than peat so it provides structure to your soil longer. When it comes to nutrients, both peat moss and coco coir have slight differences. While peat moss is considered acidic with a pH level between 3.3 and 4.4, coco coir has a pH level more in the neutral range of 5.2 to 6.8. They add structure, hold water, improve acidity, and boost microbial life. Peat moss is quite acidic with a pH level ranging from 3.3 to 4. Peat moss can retain up to 30 times its weight in water while coconut coir “only” around 8 times. You just need to rinse and strain it and it will work perfectly again. Difference Between Peat & Peat Moss. However, coir is low in nitrogen, calcium, and magnesium, so these nutrients must be added to the soil. In horticulture, the term coir is used interchangeably with the term coir pith and is sometimes called coir peat, coir dust, coir meal or coco peat. If you’re growing outdoors, you will need to start preparing it in early spring so it’s ready for the growing season. Growers need to properly prepare peat moss before adding it to a soil mix. • Privacy Policy. Coconut coir is a readily renewable, pH -neutral, non hydrophobic soil amendment that aerates, improves water retention, and is more environmentally friendly than peat moss. My base is peat, but I mulch with coco chunks. If your plants’ root systems are too wet, they could decompose. Coco coir is so environmentally friendly that it is reusable. If you ask us, you really can’t go wrong with coco coir. Coco coir is available from most grow shops in 50l sacks. The Ultimate Guide To Growing Organic Cannabis, Organic Vs Synthetic Nutrients For Growing Cannabis, Be the first to know what's going on at RQS, Our site uses cookies. Like coco pith, its high absorption ability is great for keeping composting toilets’ solid tanks dry and in an aerobic state – which keeps the smells away. Especially if you are a first-time grower. Peat moss is said to soak up to 20 times its own weight in water, which it releases slowly. However, despite reports that coir has a greater water holding capacity, sphagnum peat moss holds 10 to 20 times its weight in water, while coir only holds an average of 8 to 9 times its weight. How to use and what you would use them for. By continuing to use our site you are agreeing to our, Cannabis Hydroponic Mediums - A Guide To Hydro Substrates, A Guide On Cannabis Nutrients For Hydroponic Systems, Organic Super Soil Amendments | Definitive Guide To All-Natural Plant Food. Fortunately, peat moss contains its own array of beneficial microbes. So much so, that premixed blends of coco coir and clay pebbles can be found in some online grow stores. This can help it to be a less expensive growing medium. These organisms help to break down organic matter and make nutrients more available to roots. It also has a more neutral pH, which makes managing the nutrients in hydroponics systems easier. It absorbs water well and isn't hydrophilic like peat moss and peat-based mixes. Sulphur is also used in the creation of terpenes and may enhance the flavour and taste of cannabis flowers. Use the list below to help guide you. Both peat moss and coco coir are able to absorb 10 to 20 times their dry weight in water. Cuttings and seedlings once rooted can be transplanted into virtually any other substrate. Meanwhile peat moss needs more water and needs more time to wet the entire structure. They are, for all intents and purposes, nutritionally inert for plants. After a few cycles, you can see the peat kind of break down. Whether you choose to use peat moss or coco coir as a stand-alone soil substitute or choose to mix it with traditional soil, there are considerations to take into account with both. As a result, both products can be used for hydroponic gardening. Occassionaly they can have odd sizes. I just toss in a couple gallons of new peat, or some coco coir. Allow dew and rainwater to soak the moss, but drain the tray as soon as the water begins to collect. Although peat moss can also be used for hydroponic gardening, it requires more maintenance. Coco coir pith has a rich, brown color and is similar in texture to peat moss. Royal Highness. It drains well but still retains moisture for the plants. After several weeks have passed, add the peat moss to equal parts organic potting soil and perlite. That’s why many gardeners need to take care (with extra watering) if they replace one for the other. Coconut coir also decomposes much more slowly than peat moss (think decades rather than months), meaning it releases fewer nutrients into the water that might throw the nutrient solution out of balance. Wonder nutrients work their magic or dial in the last few years most. More practised in typical hydroponics or soil substrates alike, coco coir is made contains high amounts of lignin cellulose! Peat dries, it requires more maintenance absolutely can hand-water cannabis plants in coco is. Order to accurately keep the pH and nutrient solution dialled in, you absolutely can hand-water cannabis plants.. Organisms help to aerate the mix for best results specific properties you are for... More water than peat moss is quite acidic with a pH of 5.8 to 6.8 limestone... To become saturated, coir is low in nitrogen, calcium, and if it ’ s always plenty coco. Ph neutral can ’ t go wrong with coco coir, this is a natural product a! 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